Ancient Kamiros was inhabited by the Mycenaeans and founded by the Dorians in 8th century BC and 7th century BC, respectively. After being nearly destroyed by a massive earthquake in the year 226 BC, and a second one in the year 142 BC, Kamiros was more or less abandoned until it was rediscovered years later. Located on the northwestern coast of Rhodes, the remains of this coastal city were first excavated in the mid-1800s by French and Italian archaeologists. Extensive excavation continued into the 1900s and Ancient Kamiros is now considered to be one of the three major archaeological sites on the island, along with Lindos and Ialyssos.
The city was built on three levels, with an area for worship at the top, a place of settlement in the middle, and a center for trade at the bottom. The ruins of the acropolis and the temple that lie on the top of the hill are two major tourist attractions today. The marketplace, or Agora, on the large square at the foot of the hill was a huge gathering place for the people of Kamiros since the city was an agrarian society, meaning its economy was based on its production of agricultural goods such as wine, olive oil, and figs.